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Information on Abuse and Neglect

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The following statistics are furnished by ICAP in an effort to assist our projects in addressing some of the pertinent issues regarding child abuse & neglect.

In 1998, 2.3 million children lived in households headed by a relative with no parent present. 2/3 of these lived with grandparents. That represents a 51.5% increase since 1990.

National Center for Health Statistics, 1999

Girls in the Juvenile Justice System

Although girls are far less likely than boys to become involved in the juvenile justice system, the arrest rate for females age 17 and under increased 103% between 1981 and 1997. By contrast, arrest rates for males 17 and under during that same period rose 27%. Today, just over 1/4 of all juvenile arrests involve females. Also, disproportionate minority representation is not limited to boys; approximately 2/3 of females in the juvenile justice system are minorities.

The majority of female juvenile arrests are for nonviolent crimes. Since l993, the greatest increases in arrests of girls were for drug abuse, running away from home, and curfew violations. The small number of girls arrested for the most serious violent crimes homicide, robbery and weapon offenses almost always committed these crimes within the context of their relationships with co-defendents. Of all serious violent crime, assault is the most common by females. However, close examination of these cases reveals a large number of these incidents were incited by combative encounters with parents or other family members.

Office of Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention, 1999

Parental Substance Abuse
Parental substance abuse continues to be one of the top 2 problems facing families which are reported for child maltreatment.

National Center on Child Abuse Prevention Research, 1998

Children whose parents abuse drugs are 3X more likely to be abused and 4X more likely to be neglected than children of parents who do not abuse alcohol and other drugs.

P. Jandes, J. Voohis, 1995

8.3 million children live in household where one or both parents are dependent on alcohol or had treatment for illicit drug use.

U.S. Dept. of Health & Human Services, 1998

Incarcerated Parents

Bureau of Justice statistics note that in 1997, 2.8% of all children in the U.S. have at least one parent who is incarcerated.

Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1998

Approximately 1 in 359 have an incarcerated mother; one in 40 have an incarcerated father. 2/3 of women in state prisons and 1/2 the women in federal prisons had young children living with them prior to entering prison.

Ibid

From 1990 to 1999, the number of women in prisons has risen 92%.

U.S. Dept. of Justice, 1999

Homelessness

There are an estimated 850,000 homeless children and youths in the U.S., with approximately 625,000 school age and 225,000 preschool age.

U.S. Dept. of Education, 1997

Violence
Domestic violence is particularly damaging to children because it is so intense, often chronic and occurs over a long period of time. Because it happens to those closest to the child, it leaves the child feeling alone and with no one to turn to for safety or relief. Such violence teaches children damaging lessons, which are difficult to undo, about the use of violence in personal relationships.

The State of American Children, 2000

It is estimate that 3.3 10 million children witness violence against their mothers each year.

Battered Women & Their Families, 1998


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